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10. Annexes – 3. Regional SWOT analysis on aquatic biosecurity

Data provided in the table presented below was provided by country delegates during the SPC/FAO Regional Workshop on aquatic biosecurity and aquaculture statistics held in Nadi (Fiji) in October 2012.

STRENGTHS WEAKNESSES OPPORTUNITIES THREATS
  • Basic legal framework in place regarding aquatic animal health management and aquatic species introductions and translocations.
  • High health status (absence of major animal diseases) due to main reasons such us isolation, geographic location, etc.
  • Membership with international and regional organizations (e.g. SPC, FAO, OIE, WTO, WHO etc.)
  • High biodiversity and presence of certain high value species.
  • Pristine environment.
  • There are certain strong institutions on capacity building and training on aquaculture and fisheries, such as USP, FNU, etc.
  • Strong partnerships with certain donor Agencies, such as GIZ, JICA, Taiwan, etc.
  • Most policy makers and governments are strongly committed with the sustainable development of the aquaculture sector.
  • Private sector (including association of small-scale farmers) relatively strong and well-organized.
  •      Research capacity, although limited in certain countries, could be considered as relatively strong in others (French and American territories, Fiji, etc).
  • Limited facilities devoted to aquatic biosecurity (e.g., laboratories, quarantine units, research centres).
  • Limited technical capacities at all levels (e.g., aquatic animal health management, disease diagnosis, disease prevention/treatment, disease surveillance, risk analysis, border control, quarantine protocols, etc).
  • Limited financial resources at national and regional levels; and limited interest by donors on the topic.
  • Legal framework on aquatic biosecurity is unclear and not coherent in certain aspects and countries.
  • Enforcement of existing legal frameworks is limited.
  • Presence of relevant/notifiable aquatic animal diseases in the region, mostly due to unregulated introduction of exotic species.
  • Limited coordination between relevant agencies at National and Regional levels.
  • Certification processes for aquaculture products are unclear.
  • Limited compliance with international standards.
  • No contingency/emergency plans in place.
  • Strong support from certain intergovernmental organizations (SPC, FAO, etc) and donors.
  • Presence of native/local species of high potential for aquaculture development.
  • Presence of high-value species (mostly for exports) with a high demand in local and export markets.
  • Strong collaboration approaches between neighbouring countries within the region.
  • Presence of certain institutions devoted to training, education, research and capacity building on aquaculture and aquatic biosecurity.
  • High health status and presence of SPF sources.
  • Pristine environment and isolation.
  • •             Growing local population leading to a strong increase in the local demand for aquaculture products
  • Economic instability.
  • Pathogens/relevant diseases introduction and spread within the Region.
  • Changes in relevant legal frameworks.
  • Changes in importing policies and international standards (EU, New Zealand, USA, etc).
  • Market access restrictions to Regional products.
  • Decrease in donor support.
  • Illegal trafficking of aquatic species.
  • Problems regarding ballast water control and management.
  • Increase in mining/logging industries by foreign companies (mostly in Solomon Islands and PNG).
  • Natural Disasters/risks.
  • Climate change challenges.

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