18. Seeds

Seeds commonly used for creative and cultural products in Pacific Island countries and territories
1. Canna indica seeds

2. Candlenut, Aleurites molucanna

3. Coral tree seeds, Erythrina variegata

4. Amunu, Dacrycarpus imbricatus

5. Pūāve, Jimsonweed, Datura metel

6. Jobs tears, Coix lacryma-jobi

7. Samoan pandanus seed, Pandanus whitmeeanus

8. Screw pine, Pandanus tectorius, usually used for necklaces and leis

9. Sea bean, Mucuna gigantea

10. Puka, lantern tree Hernandia nymphaeifolia

11. Red bead tree/ coral pea, coralwood, Adenanthera pavonina

12. Water vine, sea hearts, Entada gigas, Entada phaeseoloides

13. Wild tamarind, Leucaena leucocephala

14. Yellow nickernut, Hawaiian pearls, Caesalpinia major

15. Mirabilia jalapa, Nyctaginaceae

English Name: Candlenut

Scientific Name: Aleurites molucanna

Indigenous Name: Tuitui (Cook Islands); lauci, sekeci, tuitui, toto (Fiji); tuitui (Niue); lama (Samoa); kukui (Tahiti Nui, French Polynesia)

General Information:

Used in medicine and adornment. Soot is used for tattooing.

English Name: Jobs tears

Scientific Name: Coix lacryma-jobi

Indigenous Name: Poepoe (Cook Islands); sila (Fiji); lama (Samoa);  keoho (Tahiti Nui, French Polynesia)

 

English Name: Red bead tree/ coral pea

Scientific Name: Adenanthera pavonina / Abrus precatorius

Indigenous Name: Mata koviriviri (Cook Islands); diridamu (Fiji); hua-‘ula’ula (Hawaii); lopa (Samoa); lopa (Tonga); lopa (Tuvalu); (Tahiti Nui, French Polynesia)

 

English Name: Coral tree seeds
Scientific Name: Erythrina variegata
Indigenous Name: Drala (Fiji); (Hawaii); gatae (Samoa); ‘atae (Tahiti Nui, French Polynesia)

English Name: Sea hearts, water vine

Scientific Name: Entada gigas, Entada phaeseoloides

Indigenous Name: Kaka vai (Cook Islands): cibi (Fiji)

 

 

English Name: Sea bean

Scientific Name: Mucuna gigantea

Indigenous Name: Kākā tea (Cook Islands); fue inu (Samoa)

 

English Name: Screw palm panadanus

Scientific Name: Freycinetia arborea, Pandanus tectorius, Pandanus cultivars

Indigenous Name: Balawa vadra (Fiji), akgak (Guam), hala (Hawaii), tutu’ila (Tonga)

 

English Name: Wild tamarind

Scientific Name: Eucaena leucocephala, Leucaena leucocephala

Indigenous Name:

Nītō (Cook Islands); vaivai, lepolepo, lipolipo (Fiji); dangandangan, tangantangan, rohbohtin, tuhngantuhngan, ganitnityuwan, (FSM); talntangan, tangan-tangan, tangantangan (Guam); ēkoa, haole koa, koa haole, lilikoa (Hawaii); te kaitetua (Kiribati); tangan tangan  (Marshall Islands); pepe, tavahi kaku (Niue); tangutang, telengtungd, telentund (Palau); kete kete (Rapanui); fua pepe, fua pepe, lopa Samoa, lusina (Samoa); nītō, atiku (Tahiti Nui, French Polynesia) siale mohemohe (Tonga); fagafaga, fanafana, fanamanu (Walis and Futuna)

 

 

English Name: Yellow nickernut, Hawaiian pearls

Scientific Name: Caesalpinia bonduc

Indigenous Name: Soni (Fiji); ‘ānoso (Samoa); tātarāka (Tahiti Nui/ French Polynesia)

 

 

English Name: Lantern tree seeds

Scientific Name: Hernandia nymphaeifolia

Indigenous Name: Tianina (Tahiti/ French Polynesia)

 

 

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